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Table 3 Metabolic Syndrome (IDF) with various socio-demographic factors

From: Metabolic Syndrome: a challenging health Issue in highly urbanized Union Territory of north India

Socio demographic factor Metabolic Syndrome (IDF) Total No. (% age) P value
  Yes No. (% age) No No.(% age)   
Gender     
Male 116 (40.4) (40.0)* 174 (54.7) (60.0)* 290 (47.9) (100.0)* p < .001
Female 171 (59.6) (54.3) 144 (45.3) (45.7) 315 (52.1) (100.0)  
Age     
18-25 yrs 5 (1.7) (9.4) 48 (15.1) (90.6) 53 (8.8) (100.0) p < .001
26-35 yrs 35 (12.2) (30.7) 79 (24.8) (60.3) 114 (18.8) (100.0)  
36-49 yrs 114 (39.7) (50.7) 111 (34.9) (49.3) 225 (37.2) (100.0)  
50-59 yrs 56 (19.5) (61.5) 35 (11.0) (38.5) 91 (15.0) (100.0)  
60-65 yrs 42 (14.6) (63.6) 24 (7.5) (36.4) 66 (10.9) (100.0)  
>65 yrs 35 (12.2) (62.5) 21 (6.6) (37.5) 56 (9.3) (100.0)  
Mean ± SD 49.46 ± 13.24 44.96 ± 14.88 44.99 ± 14.74  
Background     
Urban 249 (86.8) (51.8) 232 (73.0) (48.2) 481 (79.5) (100.0) p < .001
Rural 26 (9.1) (41.3) 37 (11.6) (58.7) 63 (10.4) (100.0)  
Slum 12 (4.2) (19.7) 49 (15.4) (80.3) 61 (10.1) (100.0)  
Socioeconomic status     
Upper-upper 9 (3.1) (64.3) 5 (1.6) (35.7) 14 (8.8) (100.0) p = .006
Upper-middle 190 (66.2) (51.6) 178 (56.0) (48.4) 368 (60.8) (100.0)  
Upper-lower 55 (19.2) (44.4) 69 (21.7) (55.6) 124 (20.5) (100.0)  
Lower 33 (11.5) (33.3) 66 (17.7) (66.7) 99 (16.4) (100.0)  
Religion     
Hindu 157 (54.7) (42.2) 215 (67.6) (57.8) 372 (61.5) (100.0) p = .002
Sikh 121 (42.2) (58.2) 87 (27.4) (41.8) 208 (34.4) (100.0)  
Muslim 7 (2.4) (35.0) 13 (4.1) (65.0) 20 (3.3) (100.0)  
Christian 2 (0.7) (40.0) 3 (0.9) (60.0) 5 (0.8) (100.0)  
Physical activity     
Sedentary 259 (90.2) (51.4) 245 (77.0) (48.6) 504 (83.3) (100.0) p < .001
Moderate 28 (9.8) (30.1) 65 (20.4) (69.9) 93 (15.4) (100.0)  
Heavy 0 (0.0) (0.0) 8 (2.5) (100.0) 8 (1.3) (100.0)  
BMI     
Underweight 0 (0.0) (0.0) 18 (5.7) (100.0) 18 (3.0) (100.0) p < .001
Normal 51 (17.8) (19.2) 215 (67.6) (80.8) 266 (44.0) (100.0)  
Pre-obese 162 (56.4) (67.5) 78 (24.5) (32.5) 240 (39.7) (100.0)  
Obese Class I 63 (22.0) (91.3) 6 (1.9) (8.7) 69 (11.4) (100.0)  
Obese Class II 9 (3.1) (90.0) 1 (0.3) (10.0) 10 (1.7) (100.0)  
Obese Class III 2 (0.7) (100.0) 0 (0.0) (0.0) 2 (0.3) (100.0)  
Mean ± SD 27.89 ± 23.16 ± 3.17 25.40 ± 4.13  
Total 287 (100.0) (47.4) 318 (100.0) (52.6) 605 (100.0) (100.0)  
  1. *Percentage in second row (in bold letters) represents percentage within that group in Table 3 and Table 4