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Table 3 Adjusted mean values (± SE) of carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) and plaque

From: Low-density lipoprotein particle size in hepatic steatosis and metabolic syndrome

  Control HS alone HS with MetS P value (Between groups) P value (Linear trend)
Carotid mean IMT      
   Both CCA mean IMT, mm 0.67 ± 0.01 0.68 ± 0.01 0.72 ± 0.02* 0.042 0.013
   Both ICA mean IMT, mm 0.68 ± 0.01 0.69 ± 0.01 0.74 ± 0.02* 0.032 0.015
Carotid plaque      
   Carotid plaque, crude, % 11.1 ± 0.3 14.3 ± 0.4 32.6 ± 0.5** 0.002 0.001
   Carotid plaque, adjusted, % 12.5 ± 0.3 13.8 ± 0.4 29.8 ± 0.5* 0.017 0.007
  1. Adjusted for age, sex, alcohol drinking (≥20 g/d), and smoking. CCA; common carotid artery, ICA; internal carotid artery.
  2. *P < 0.05, ** P < 0.01; compared with the control (Bonferroni adjustment for multiple comparisons).
  3. P < 0.05; compared with the HS alone (Bonferroni adjustment for multiple comparisons).