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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of the subjects according to hepatic steatosis (HS) and the metabolic syndrome (MetS)

From: Low-density lipoprotein particle size in hepatic steatosis and metabolic syndrome

  Control HS alone HS with MetS  
Characteristics (n = 144) (n = 84) (n = 46) P a
Age, y 42.9 ± 7.1 43.7 ± 6.7 45.1 ± 7.9 0.178
Women, % 68.1 47.6 23.9 < 0.001
Smoking, ex- and current, % 26.1 39.3 56.5 < 0.001
Alcohol consumption (≥20 g/d), % 15.3 23.8 45.7 < 0.001
ALT, IU/L 18.4 ± 8.8 24.5 ± 14.1** 37.5 ± 24.5*** < 0.001
Ferritin, ng/ml 51.7 ± 47.5 74.7 ± 62.3* 131.6 ± 106.3*** < 0.001
Body mass index, kg/m2 21.8 ± 2.2 24.3 ± 2.3*** 26.0 ± 2.1*** < 0.001
  1. Values are mean ± SD unless noted otherwise. Components of the metabolic syndrome are not expressed. ALT; alanine aminotransferase.
  2. a P values by analysis of variance (ANOVA) or chi-square test for trend.
  3. *P < 0.05, ** P < 0.01, *** P < 0.001; compared with the control (Bonferroni comparison).
  4. P < 0.001; compared with the HS alone (Bonferroni comparison).