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Table 1 Anthropometric, dietetic, and biochemical variables at baseline and after nutritional counseling.

From: Short-term nutritional counseling reduces body mass index, waist circumference, triceps skinfold and triglycerides in women with metabolic syndrome

Variables Baseline After nutritional counseling p value
Age (y) 56.7 ± 9.0 - -
Body mass index (kg/m2) 33.6 ± 6.0 33.1 ± 5.7 0.009*
Waist circumference (cm) 104.8 ± 11.6 101.9 ± 11.0 0.0008*
Biceps skinfold (mm) 35.5 ± 3.8 35.3 ± 4.1 0.41
Triceps skinfold (mm) 36.0 ± 8.5 34.2 ± 8.2 0.031*
Calories (kcal) 1140.0 ± 287.3 1210.7 ± 353.6 0.288
Carbohydrate (%) 55.1 ± 12.2 59.5 ± 12.0 0.178
Protein (%) 20.9 ± 6.0 18.4 ± 4.9 0.084
Lipids (%) 23.9 ± 10.7 22.0 ± 9.8 0.518
Dietary fiber (g) 9.4 ± 4.9 9.5 ± 7.0 0.982
Calcium (mg) 423.3 ± 252.8 587.3 ± 251,3 0.023*
Phosphor (mg) 694.0 ± 271.0 762.6 ± 284.0 0.240
Sodium (mg) 1965.0 ± 892.3 1844.4 ± 639.4 0.541
Magnesium (mg) 193.2 ± 97.7 191.5 ± 66.2 0.940
Potassium (mg) 2241.6 ± 1026.2 2332.8 ± 867.7 0.717
Vitamin D (mg) 1.8 ± 1.0 2.8 ± 1.7 0.013*
Fasting glucose (mg/dL) 120.8 ± 37.0 107.5 ± 34.8 0.133
Total cholesterol (mg/dL) 217.3 ± 54.9 196.8 ± 41.2 0.112
HDL-c (mg/dL) 47.0 ± 9.1 49.9 ± 10.7 0.194
LDL-c (mg/dL) 137.0 ± 52.1 118.8 ± 42.0 0.125
Triglycerides (mg/dL) 168.0 ± 56.2 140.6 ± 65.0 0.045*
TG/HDL-c ratio 3.7 ± 1.5 3.1 ± 2.0 0.155
  1. BMI: body mass index; HDL-c: high density lipoprotein; LDL-c: low density lipoprotein.
  2. *p < 0.05 significative difference versus basal.