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Table 2 Anthropometric (prepregnancy and at screening) and laboratory characteristics at screening according to glucose tolerance status during pregnancy

From: Association between different levels of dysglycemia and metabolic syndrome in pregnancy

Variables Groups p-value
  IA IB IIA IIB  
Height (meter) 1.65 ± 0.07 1.64 ± 0.05 1.61 ± 0.05 1.60 ± 0.05 0.001(1)
Legs length (cm) 76.0 ± 4.8 75.3 ± 4.0 73.3 ± 4.1 73.1 ± 4.1 0.014(2)
BMI      
Prepregnancy 23.1 ± 4.5 25.8 ± 6.1 27.8 ± 7.6 28.5 ± 6.9 0.001(3)
At screening 25.6 ± 4.3 29.3 ± 6.1 31.0 ± 6.9 31.4 ± 6.0 <0.001(4)
Waist      
Prepregnancy 69.6 ± 5.1 81.5 ± 11.3 90.3 ± 18.6 101.8 ± 15.1 <0.001(5)
At screening 95.9 ± 10.1 104.5 ± 11.3 107.6 ± 14.4 108.2 ± 9.8 <0.001(6)
Waist-to-hip ratio      
Prepregnancy 0.76 ± 0.06 0.76 ± 0.05 0.86 ± 0.11 0.87 ± 0.11 0.040
At screening 0.93 ± 0.07 0.95 ± 0.07 0.97 ± 0.04 0.99 ± 0.07 0.002 (7)
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)      
Prepregnancy 108.4 ± 7.8 115.5 ± 23.3 114.7 ± 14.1 125.4 ± 25.8 0.003(8)
At screening 107.7 ± 9.9 111.0 ± 12.5 114.7 ± 11.7 120.6 ± 17.6 0.002(9)
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)      
Prepregnancy 71.0 ± 8.2 75.0 ± 14.1 75.8 ± 9.3 81.2 ± 12.9 0.003(10)
At screening 71.5 ± 9.2 74.5 ± 10.8 76.4 ± 11.1 79.3 ± 12.2 0.02(11)
At screening      
Fasting glucose(mg/dl) 73.7 ± 8.7 74.8 ± 9.6 87.2 ± 11.7 114.4 ± 23.6 <0.001(12)
HbA1c (%) 4.57 ± 0.45 4.95 ± 0.59 5.15 ± 0.71 5.98 ± 1.00 <0.001(13)
Total cholesterol(mg/dl) 229.2 ± 43.5 236.7 ± 44.5 221.4 ± 42.3 195.5 ± 43.0 0.001(14)
LDL cholesterol(mg/dl) 124.2 ± 41.5 130.2 ± 37.8 111.6 ± 34.6 94.2 ± 33.0 0.001(15)
HDL cholesterol(mg/dl) 69.0 ± 16.9 66.1 ± 16.4 73.1 ± 21.3 57.8 ± 16.2 0.014(16)
VLDL cholesterol(mg/dl) 34.8 ± 12.0 39.4 ± 13.3 36.5 ± 13.9 43.4 ± 11.7 0.037(17)
Triglycerides (mg/dl) 174.3 ± 60.4 215.7 ± 131.7 182.8 ± 69.5 217.3 ± 58.5 0.016(18)
  1. (1) p < 0.05 IIB vs IB, IA; IIA vs IA;
  2. (2) p < 0.05 IA vs IIB, IIA, IB;
  3. (3) p < 0.05 IA vs IIA, IIB;
  4. (4) p < 0.05 IA vs IB, IIA, IIB;
  5. (5) p < 0.05 IA vs IB, IIA, IIB;
  6. (6) p < 0.05 IA vs IB, IIA, IIB;
  7. (7) p < 0.05 IA vs IIA, IIB; IB vs IIB;
  8. (8) p < 0.01 IA vs IIB;
  9. (9) p < 0.01 IA vs IIB;
  10. (10) p < 0.01 IA vs IIB;
  11. (11) p < 0.05 IA vs IIB;
  12. (12) p < 0.001 IA vs IIB, IB vs IIB; p < 0.01 IA vs IIA; p < 0.05 IB vs IIA, IIA vs IIB;
  13. (13) p < 0.001 IA vs IIB; IB vs IIB;
  14. (14) p < 0.05 IIB vs IIA, IA, IB;
  15. (15) p < 0.05 IIB vs IA, IB;
  16. (16) p < 0.05 IIB vs IA, IIA;
  17. (17) p < 0.05 IA vs IIB;
  18. (18) p < 0.05 IA vs IIB;